Olympics Facts And Figures

Some 20,629 athletes from 219 country teams have competed in athletics at 28 stagings of the Olympic Games. Currently 953 gold medals have been awarded across 951 events. This total includes 950 regular golds plus three more. An extra gold in the 1908 men’s pole vault where there were two champions, plus the additional two golds awarded posthumously to Jim Thorpe for the 1912 Pentathlon and Decathlon.

Excluded from that golds total is one more which was taken back by the IOC, and not redistributed as at June 10, 2016. That is the women’s 100m of the 2000 Olympic Games. Marion Jones (USA) was disqualified for a doping violation, but the IOC did not pass her medal to the runner-up, Katerína Thánou (GRE). 

Included in the total of 952 are golds from three 2012 events where the winner has been disqualified by the IAAF for drug-taking. These events are the men’s 50km Walk and women’s 1500m & 3000m Steeplechase. As at June 10, 2016, the IOC have not publicly announced any re-allocations of all these medals, though Habiba Ghribi (TUN) already received a gold medal in a special ceremony on June 4, 2016. Another is planned for Jared Tallent (AUS) on June 17, 2016. 

The largest edition of Olympic athletics was in Sydney 2000 with 2137 athletes from 193 countries competing in 46 events. The number of participants was more than double that of the Games of 1968, 1976 or 1980. The official total of countries in 2000 was 194, but that included Nauru, whose one entrant (Cherico Detenamo) did not actually compete in the first round of the men’s 100m. The most countries to have competed at a Games is 202 in 2012. That total includes South Sudan and Curacão, whose representatives competed as Independent Olympic Athletes.

The most Games contested by a country in athletics is 28 (all of them, including 1906) by four countries, Australia, France, Great Britain & NI and Greece. Three more countries have missed just one year, Denmark (1904), Sweden (1904) and the United States (1980).

The most Games contested by an athlete is seven by sprinter Merlene Ottey/Page (JAM/SLO) in 1980-2004. The men’s record is six by distance runner João N’Tyamba (ANG) in 1988-2008, high jumper Dragutin Topic (IOP/YUG/SCG/SRB) in 1992-2012 and walker Jesús Ángel García (ESP) also in 1992-2012.

The first Olympic Champion in athletics was James Connolly (USA), winner of the triple jump in Athens on April 6, 1896. The most recent champion was Stephen Kiprotich (UGA), who won the marathon in London on August 13, 2012.

By far the most medals won by a country is 785.8 by the United States, with the fraction resulting from the 1904 team race where only four-fifths of the silver-winning team were actually American.

The most medals won by an individual athlete is 12 by distance runner Paavo Nurmi (FIN) in 1920-28. His greatest year was 1924 with five golds including the 1500m and 5000m within 90 minutes. The most by a woman is nine by sprinter Merlene Ottey/Page (JAM) at 100m, 200m and 4x100m in 1980, 1984 and 1992-2000. She won three silvers and six bronzes, missing the 1996 100m gold by a margin of just five-thousandths of a second. Shirley Strickland (AUS) won seven medals at 100m, 200m, 80m hurdles and 4x100m relay in 1948-1956. Photo-finish evidence from London 1948 proved that she should have taken one more medal, a bronze from the 200m. She was officially placed fourth and that result has so far not been amended, though Athletics Australia have made a new bid for Strickland to be awarded an additional medal.

The most individual medals, and also the most gold medals won is 10 by Ray Ewry (USA) at standing jumps events in 1900-1908. He scored 10 wins from 10 starts in the standing high, long and triple jumps, all events which have been discontinued. The women’s record is held by Merlene Ottey/Page (JAM) at 100m (three medals) and 200m (four).

The most golds won by a woman is four by six women. Fanny Blankers-Koen (NED) won the 100m, 200m, 80m hurdles and 4x100m in 1948. Betty Cuthbert (AUS) won at 100m, 200m and 4x100m  in  1956  then  took  the  400m  title  in  1964.  Bärbel Eckert/Wöckel (GDR) won at both 200m and 4x100m in 1976 and 1980. Evelyn Ashford (USA) won the 100m and 4x100m in 1984 and went on to take sprint relay golds at the next two Games. In 2012, Allyson Felix and Sanya Richards Ross (both USA) took their fourth golds. Felix won the 4x400m in 2008 and the 200m with both relays in 2012. Richards Ross won the 4x400m in 2004, 2008 and 2012 and also the individual 400m in 2012.

The longest winning streak of Olympic titles at four successive Games is a distinction achieved four times by three men, all from the United States: Ray Ewry succeeded at the standing high and long jumps in 1900, 1904, 1906 and 1908. Al Oerter won the discus throw in 1956, 1960, 1964 and 1968. Carl Lewis was long jump champion in 1984, 1988, 1992 and 1996. The best “four Games” sequence by a woman is now held by Derartu Tulu (ETH) with her series of finishes in the 10,000m in 1992-2004 of gold-4th-gold-bronze.

The most golds won at a single Games is five by Paavo Nurmi (FIN) in 1924, with victories at 1500m, 5000m, 3000m team and cross country (individual and team). Four golds at one Games were won by Alvin Kraenzlein (USA) in 1900, Ville Ritola (FIN) in 1924, Jesse Owens (USA) in 1936 and Carl Lewis (USA) in 1984. Fanny Blankers-Koen (NED) was also a quadruple champion in 1948 as noted above.

The oldest Olympic Champion in athletics was Pat McDonald (USA), who won the 56-pound weight throw in 1920 at the age of 42 years 26 days. The oldest female winner was Ellina Zvereva (BLR), discus throw champion in 2000 at 39 years 316 days.

The youngest gold medallist was Barbara Jones (USA), who ran the second leg for the winning sprint relay team in 1952 at 15 years 123 days. The youngest male winner was Bob Mathias (USA), decathlon champion in 1947 at 17 years 263 days.

Sweeps of all available medals have been achieved 88 times, most recently by Jamaica in the men’s 200m of 2012.

The most finals or placings in the top eight at the same event is six by discus thrower Lia Manoliu (ROU) who placed 6th-9th-bronze- bronze-gold-9th in 1952-1972. The most by a man is five by the Ukrainian Vladimir Golubnichniy (URS) at 20km walk in 1960-1976, Jan Železný (TCH/SVK/CZE) in the javelin throw 1988-2004, and Virgilijus Alekna (LTU) at discus throw in 1996-2012.

The most races run in Olympic competition are 53 by Merlene Ottey/Page (JAM) in the various rounds of the 100m, 200m and both relays across seven Games. She won 25 of these, but never in a final. The most by a man is 33 by Pietro Mennea (ITA) at 100m, 200m and both relays in 1972-1988.

Feats which could be achieved in Rio 2016 include a first woman to win individual gold at the third successive Games. Shelly-Ann Fraser- Pryce (JAM), Tirunesh Dibaba (ETH), Barbora Špotáková (CZE) and Valerie Adams (NZL) all have the chance to do that. 

Another sprinter, Veronica Campbell-Brown (JAM) could well join Merlene Ottey/Page as a medallist at five different Olympics, but the biggest Jamaican feat could be from Usain Bolt if he can win a third successive gold at 100m or 200m. That’s never been done in any individual track event. Jesús Ángel García (ESP) is already selected for the 50 kilometres walk, so is set to equal Merlene Ottey’s outright appearance record of seven Games. Finally, will the first South American Olympics see triple jumper Caterine Ibargüen win Colombia’s first Olympic athletics gold?

Simon Ngige played an inspired round of 7 birdies and 6 pars as he went on to claim a total score of 67, 4 under the 71 par Muthaiga Golf course, at the end of Day one of the Barclays Kenya Open.

Ngige ended day one tied for 13th as the best placed Kenyan, ahead of amateur Alfred Nandwa (T42) who ended on 2 under par, Riz Charania and David Odhiambo (T56) both on 1 under par. Stefan Adersen and Richard Ainley (T73) finishing the day on par.

The day however belonged to South Africa’s Jaco Ahlers, the former European Tour player blowing away the field to finish on 7 under par to finish top of the Leaderboard, ahead of Welshman Rhys Davies who shot a 6 under par.

Defending Kenya Open champion Sebastien Soderberg finished on T56 after playing a round of one under par. Kenyan hopefuls Dismas Indiza and Jacob Okello both had a bad day at the office playing rounds of 1 over and 7 over par respectively.

Greg Snow also completing a rough day on the Muthaiga course on 2 over par to place him at T113.

Day 2 action resumes on Friday from 7:00 am with players aiming to make the CUT to play into the weekend.

Netherlands’ Will Besseling, the winner of Karen Masters last week was also impressive, posting 35 in the first nine and 32 on the back nine for a score of 4 under par 67.

Former champion Gary Boyd of England posted a similar score but would have had a better result had he not picked a double bogey on hole 12 that cancelled an eagle on hole 10 where he teed off.

Reigning champion, Swedish Sebastian Soderberg is six strokes behind the leader after picking four bogeys in his round, he, however, picked a total of five birdies to settle for one under par 70.

The field for Friday's matches has, however, been reduced owing to the withdrawal of Englands Chris Lloyd, Bjorn Hellgren of Sweden who retired and the disqualification of Kenya’s Mathew Omondi who signed for the wrong score.

Leader board after Round 1:

Jaco Ahlers (SA)            -7    64

Rhys Davies (WL)         -6    65

Oscar Lengden (SWE)   -6    65

Oscar Stark (SWE)         -6   65

Jens Dantorp (SWE)       -6   65

Kalle Samooja (FIN)      -6   65

Kenya's track legend Paul Tergat has urged athletes to take cross country competitions seriously as it boosts their performances during the track and road race seasons.

Tergat, who is a five-time World Cross Country Champion, said the event has had a low acceptance rate, especially from athletes in Europe and America, yet it has been proven it serves as a stepping stone towards building an athlete's stamina and endurance.

"Cross country is a very important event. And as we head to Kampala, it is important for those athletes who avoid it because it is strenuous to note that it helps boost their preparedness in terms of endurance," he said.

Tergat is the brand ambassador for the IAAF during the World Cross Country Championships, which will be held on Sunday in Kampala.

Last month he toured the course in Kampala and it filled him with nostalgia knowing what fame and accomplishment he gained out of the event during his active days as an athlete.

"This is very fine," Tergat said after a tour of the course. "It is a good challenging course with so many obstacles that will give a great scene to the spectators and a great run to the athletes."

Tergat said the about 600 athletes who will line up for the championships will have an upper hand in the build-up to the track season, which starts in May as they seek to attain optimum performance ahead of the World Championships in London in August.

But he singled out Kenya to dominate the event which returns to the Africa continent for the fifth time. World Cross Country Championships were first held in Africa in 1975 in Rabat, before Johannesburg, Marrakech and Mombasa staged the game.

Now he has prodded the Kenya team, which departs to Kampala Thursday, to go and affirm their prowess in the event by winning in the Ugandan capital.

His sentiments were echoed by another cross country great, Kenyan John Ngugi.

After missing out on the top podium places at 2007 Mombasa World Cross Country, Ngugi said that it's now time for senior men and women to remedy that with victories at Kampala.

Tergat on the other hand, said Kenyan juniors have now matured to take on the world after they failed to secure victory at the 2015 World Cross Country Championships in Guiyang, China.

Ngugi made history when he became the first man to win five senior men's 12km titles at the World Cross Country Championships. He won the races back-to-back from 1986 to 1989 before returning to claim the title again in 1992.

Tergat would become the second man to win the race five times, equaling Ngugi's record with back-to-back victories in 1995 to 1999.

Not long after the Sports Dispute Tribunal(SDT) reinstated Sofa Paka and Muhoroni Youth to the top flight  Kenya Premier League, Football Kenya Federation has confirmed the guideline for promotion and demotion of the league .

In a  letter signed by the Fkf Secretary General/CEO Robert Muthomi and sent to the Managing Director of Kenya Premier League Company Jack Aguda and copied to all KPL clubs, the federation has advised the KPL Company to stick to the decision of the National Executive Committee(NEC) which resolved that the last two teams on the final table standing  be relegated to the second tier league.

''We take this early opportunity to advise that as per the decision of the Fkf National Executive Committee, the teams finishing last and second last position according to the final table standing of the 2017 KPL season will be relegated directly to the National Super League(NSL). The teams finishing first and second position according to the final table standing of the 2017 NSL season will be promoted directly to the KPL.

The team finishing 16'th position on the final KPL table standing and the team finishing position number three(3) in the final NSL table standing will be subjected to the play off match to determine the team that participates in the 2018 KPL season'' read part of the letter

The newly expanded 2017 KPL consist of  18 teams including four newbies namely Nzoia Sugar, Kariobangi Sharks, Nakumatt and Zoo Kericho

A late strike by Jumaan Khalid salvaged a point for Nairobi City Stars during the mid week Fkf National Super League match played at KPA Mbaraki Sports Club on Wednesday 22/3/2017.

The match started at a cracking pace with Rangers throwing everything into attack from the word go and in the 5'th min dribbling wizard George Owiti tapped home a pass from Francis Ochola on the left flank.

Ten minutes later City Stars keeper Koffi Jean Claude  parred away  Athman Bori 's long drive  for an abortive corner. City Stars came back  raiding Rangers goalmouth with Oscar Jumba drive cleared by Samuel Karori in the 23'rd min.

The visitors made another effort in the 38'th min when Hamisi Mwinyi set Jumaan Khalid but his shot went over the bar.

City Stars came back a rejuvenated side in the second half and soon their  coach made substitution bringing in Innocent Mutiso for Edwin Nduati. Mutiso terrorized rangers defence with his long drive going off target in the 77'th min.  Two minutes later  Juman Khalid shot blocked by Rangers keeper Ryan Hamisi. Jumaan Khalid levelled the score when he headed home a cross from Mutiso four minutes to time and enable the visitors share the spoils.

With the Results Rangers have five points from three matches as City Stars have one point from three matches played.

Rangers face Vihiga United next Sunday 26/3/2017 at Mumias stadium as City Stars host Agro Chemical at Camp Toyoyo on the same day.

Nairobi City Stars 1-1 Modern Rangers FC

Strathmore University ladies team on Thursday evening beat Vikings 3-0 denying them 3 points in the only midweek fixture played at the City Park Stadium.  This was the first game for the two teams in this year’s league.

Strathmore dominated the game with Vikings getting to the 25 yard line less than five times. 7 minutes into the game, Gilly Okumu of Strathmore made a solo move dribbling ball from 50 yard line past Vikings defense then passed  to Judy Apondi who put tried to find the back of the net but instead the ball went to a Vikings defense player giving the university side their first Penalty Corner (PC) but failed to convert.

In the 12th minute, Ruth Odhiambo with an assist from Gilly, tapped in the ball past Vikings Goal Keeper, Esther Kariuki was was caught flat foot. Thirteen minutes later,  Gilly got the ball in the net after dribbling past vikings defense. Despite dominating the 1st half, Strathmore failed to covert 4 PCs something that their Coach Meshack Senge said he could not understand but will address it when speaking to the girls.

The the 2nd half Strathmore seemed content with the score missing many open chances and failing to convert any PC they got against Vikings.  In the 52nd minute, Winnie Ingati scored what would be consider the goal of the season as she chipped inside after seeing Esther Kariuki had left the goal. 5 min to stoppage time game became tense when sticks started flying in the air and at some point Strathmore player of the day, Gilly had to be taken out by medical team to be attended to after she was hit on the head.

Strathmore will play next Mombasa Sports Club Away on the 9th of April while Vikings will be Hosting Amira Sailors at City Park on the 19th of April.

AFC Leopards has raised concerns over fan behaviour while travelling for matches  against  following events of the fans' trip to Thika last Sunday.

Everton are considering a pre-season friendly in Tanzania as part of their expected new sponsorship deal with SportPesa.

Barcelona are the only club to provide Chapecoense with financial help after the deadly plane crash that killed players and staff members of the Brazilian side in November,

Sebastian Vettel believes that Ferrari is still unsure about its Formula 1 championship chances in 2017 despite finishing as the fastest team through pre-season testing.

Following a winless campaign in 2016, Ferrari sprung a surprise in winter testing by dominating proceedings in Barcelona, with Vettel and teammate Kimi Raikkonen finishing as the fastest drivers.

The new SF70H car appears to be a marked improvement on its predecessor following the change in the technical regulations, with three-time world champion Lewis Hamilton naming Ferrari as the favorite to win the first race in Australia this weekend.

Vettel remained coy about his chances when speaking in Thursday’s FIA press conference, saying it won’t be until the first sessions of the weekend in Melbourne are complete that Ferrari will truly know where it stands.

“So far we don’t know anything. For all of us it will be exciting to find out where we are on Saturday and Sunday, to get a first impression,” Vettel said.

“For us a lot of new things last year didn’t really go the way we expected, so I think for this year we have really focused on ourselves. We have tried to do our job back in the factory and in testing.

“I think testing times, I don’t think they are that crucial, I think it matters much more what you show from here onwards. We’ll see. I think we are a bit in the dark like everyone else, not knowing what other people have done.

“For ourselves we can be reasonably happy, we did decent mileage, we didn’t have any major issues with the car and hopefully we can carry that momentum into the race.”

Vettel added that Mercedes rival Hamilton “must be” the favorite for the drivers’ title in 2017 given the German team’s form, having won over 50 races in the past three years.

“Mercedes obviously has been in very, very strong form the last three years and even though we changed the regulations, if a team is strong then they will build a strong car the year after, no matter what you do with the rules,” Vettel said.

“I think it’s very clear who is the favorite. For all of us sitting here, we are trying our best to catch-up. How much we have succeeded, we will see and, as the season goes on, I’m sure the cars will have big progression and all the teams will bring lots of stuff to develop the cars.

“So, whoever’s in a good place in the beginning and still in a good place at the end will have a chance.”

Red Bull motorsport boss Helmut Marko is convinced Mercedes will consider Sebatsian Vettel for its 2018 line-up.

Marko is obviously well-versed when it comes to analysing the German driver's motivations and hypothetical plans, having brought him into the Red Bull pen years ago and shared four world championships with the Ferrari driver.

This season is viewed by many as a 'make or break' year for Ferrari and Vettel.

Should the Scuderia fail to live up once again to its expectations, the German could be encouraged to take a look at an opportunity of driving a Silver Arrows.

"Frankly, Sebastian’s results from 2016 did not reflect his class," former boss Marko insisted.

"There were some races where he would have done much better if he just wasn’t unlucky.

"Now, he will definitely try to be successful and in the end decide what will be the best for him personally," he added.

Marko thinks Mercedes signing Valtteri Bottas only for 2017, amid the expiring contracts of Vettel and Fernando Alosno, have been no coincidence.

"Mercedes will be interested in them for 2018," Marko concluded.

Manchester United reportedly lead the race to sign Atletico Madrid centre-back Jose Gimenez. The 22-year-old joined Atletico from Uruguayan side Danubio in 2013, and has been a regular at the Vicente Calderon over the last three seasons.

Gimenez has been forced to play second fiddle to Diego Godin and Stefan Savic for periods of the 2016-17 campaign, however, and it is understood that the defender is considering his long-term future in Madrid.

Liverpool have been strongly linked with a move for the Uruguay international, but according to AS, Man United are in pole position to land the centre-back as Jose Mourinho looks to sign defensive reinforcements this summer.

Gimenez, who has been restricted to just seven La Liga starts this season, has a release clause in the region of £39m.

Arsenal goalkeeper Petr Cech has been ruled out up for to a month with calf injury suffered in loss at West Brom, the scan has revealed.

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Bale and Ronaldo both played as Real Madrid beat Athletic Bilbao 2-1 yesterday. Goals from Karim Benzema and Casemiro strengthened their grip on the La Liga title.

However, despite the victory, all is not well at the Santiago Bernabeu. Spanish outlet Diario Gol claimed yesterday that Ronaldo was fuming with Zinedine Zidane for substituting him late on.

The former Manchester United star provided the assist for Benzema's goal but was replaced by Isco in the 79th minute. It was said that Ronaldo believed Bale should have been substituted instead after an abject display.

But Diario Gol claim Bale was also angry after the game. The former Tottenham star's stock is rising in Spain after helping Madrid win the Champions League twice in the past three years. And the Wales international reportedly believes Ronaldo is preventing him from becoming the club's main man.

Bale has to play on the left wing due to Ronaldo's desire to play further up the field. He feels that Zidane is making a mistake by deploying him in that position as he prefers to play on the right, where he can cut inside.

Club chief Florentino Perez is now monitoring the situation as Madrid's two biggest stars aim to do outdo the other. 

The Kroenke camp are big fans of Arsenal’s all-time leading goalscorer is particularly close to the influential Josh, who was appointed to the club’s board as a non-executive director in 2013.

The Argentine striker scored 91 goals in 146 games for the Partenopei, including 36 Serie A goals in 35 games last season. However, ‘Pipita’ then left for Juventus when the Bianconeri activated his €90m release clause, causing fury in Naples.

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France’s national railway company, SNCF, and professional and financial services group Deloitte have signed up as official supporters of France’s bid to host the Rugby World Cup in 2023.

SNCF will advise the French Rugby Federation (FFR) on transport and sustainable mobility options, and support the implementation of a ticketing strategy for the World Cup.

The company will also provide logistical support to the FFR during different stages of the application process while promoting the bid both nationally and internationally.

Deloitte’s French division will work with the FFR on drafting budgets and financing plans for the event.

FFR president Bernard Laporte said: “(We are) very pleased to be able to count on the expertise of these two companies with world-renowned know-how to help us in our application. This support again illustrates the strong mobilisation of the economic world behind #France2023.”

France faces competition from Ireland and South Africa in its bid to stage the 2023 World Cup. The World Rugby Council will select the winning bid on November 15.

The protracted saga of Arsene Wenger’s contract situation is nearing its conclusion – and it’s not the one Arsenal fans were hoping for.

Although the offer of a new two-year deal has been on the table of some time, there had been speculation that Wenger would call time on his Emirates career after over two decades at the club.

However, despite another high-profile Champions League exit and another title challenge falling away before it could really begin, the Frenchman has seemingly become more resolute in his belief that he can steer the Gunners out of the trouble they now find themselves in.

Multiple sources on Sunday night and Monday morning have reported that Wenger will tell the Arsenal board that he wants to stay at the club beyond this season – for either one or two more years – in a decision that will not be a particularly popular one if and when it is confirmed.

In fact, the Guardian report suggests that Wenger and the board are looking for the best way of telling the fanbase that there will be no change in manager, which in itself would suggest just how toxic the atmosphere around the club has become. Confirming a deal so soon after a poor 3-1 defeat to West Brom – their fourth in five league matches – that has seen them slip to sixth in the table and putting their top four chances in real danger.